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P'an Ch'êng-chang

P'an Ch'êng-chang 潘檉章 (T. 聖木 H.力田), d. July 1, 1663, age 38 (, historian, was a native of Wu-chiang, Kiangsu. Refraining from taking the examinations under the newly established Manchu regime, he and Wu Yen [q.v.] determined in 1652 to collaborate on a history of the Ming dynasty and on an historical account of the same period in poetical form. The former was destroyed in manuscript; the latter, which was completed in 1656 under the title of Chin yüeh fu, has come down to our time, although banned by imperial decree (for both works see under Wu Yen). P'an himself wrote a book of biographical sketches of famous people of his own district, entitled 松陵文獻 Sung-ling wên-hsien, in 15 chü and a work supplementing and correcting the Shih-lu or official records of the Ming emperors, which he entitled "Discrepancies in the National History" 國史考異 Kuo-shih k'ao-i). Six chüof the latter (originally there were more than 30) may be seen in the Kung-shun t'ang ts'ung-(see under P'an Tsu-yin). The Sung-ling wên-hsien was preserved by his half-brother, P'an Lei [q.v.], whose preface states that it was printed in 1694. P'an Ch'êng-chang and Wu Yen were arrested in March 1663 because their names appeared as assistant compilers of the Ming-shih chi-lüeh of Chuang T'ing-lung [q.v.]. They were put to death in Hangchow early in July of the same year.

[ 6/35/23a-28b; Wu-chiang hsien-chih (1747),33/38b and 55/40a-44a.]